Please wait while loading your Bulletin

Panorama PerspectivesAfrican swine fever and the World Animal Health Information System

Perspectives Posted on 2020-07-07 10:14:06

African swine fever and the World Animal Health Information System

Authors

World Animal Health Information and Analysis Department, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).

Font size - A A A +

African swine fever (ASF) was first described in Kenya, in 1921, and has been subsequently reported in several African countries. Numerous incursions of ASF occurred outside Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, but most of these were eradicated [1]. During the 1990s and 2000s, the disease persisted on the African continent and on the Italian island of Sardinia. In 2007, it occurred again, outside Africa, in the Caucasus region, affecting Georgia, Armenia and Russia in 2007 and Azerbaijan in 2008, and reaching the European Union in 2014. In 2018, the disease spread to the People’s Republic of China, and has subsequently spread to other Asian and European countries where it has never previously been reported.

The recent global distribution of the disease during the period from 2016 to 2020 (as of 18 June) is depicted in Figure 1.

Since 2005, ASF has spread across 66 countries on three continents (Africa, Asia and Europe). Specifically, as of June 2020, 32 countries in Africa,(1) 20 countries in Europe(2) and 14 countries in Asia(3) have notified this disease to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).

Map
Fig. 1. Global distribution of African swine fever from 2016 to 2020 (as of 18 June)

In this context, the World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS) of the OIE has been essential to centralise, verify and publish information on the occurrence of ASF outbreaks, provided by national Veterinary Authorities, in a timely manner. In 2020,(4) 27% of all the immediate notifications submitted to the OIE were for ASF.

Through WAHIS, the OIE informs the international community on the evolution of the disease situation, through alert messages, weekly follow-up reports, weekly regional epidemiological bulletins for Asia, and fortnightly global epidemiological bulletins. In addition, to ensure transparency in disease reporting, the OIE has established an active search of unofficial information, improving the transparency and timeliness of reporting by countries.

________________________________________


(1) Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Democratic Rep. of), Congo (Rep. of), Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Source: WAHIS, 2020.
(2) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine. Source: WAHIS, 2020.
(3) Cambodia, China (People’s Rep. of), Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region of the People’s Rep. of China), India, Indonesia, Korea (Dem. People’s Rep. of), Korea (Rep. of), Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, The Philippines, Timor-Leste, Vietnam. Source: WAHIS, 2020.
(4) To 24 June 2020.

http://dx.doi.org/10.20506/bull.2020.1.3118
More information about the OIE World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS)
Access the WAHIS interface

References

  1. World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (2018). – Chapter 3.8.1. African swine fever (infection with African swine fever virus). In Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, 8th edition.

Related informations to article

  • Prevention and control measures for ASF

    It has been possible to confine ASF to limited areas in the European Union...
  • African swine fever and the dilemma of a relatively low contagiousness

    The disease is characterised by a high fatality rate...
  • The pig value chain in South-East Asia and challenges to disease management

    Pigs play an important role in the livelihoods of rural and peri-urban populations…