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Panorama Resources
Current Issue : #2021-1
  • Resources

    Visit the website of the GBADs programme

  • Resources

    Roll-out of the Global Burden of Animal Diseases programme

    Authors: J. Rushton, B. Huntington, W. Gilbert, M. Herrero, P.R. Torgerson, A.P.M. Shaw, M. Bruce, T.L. Marsh, D.L. Pendell, T.M. Bernardo, D. Stacey, D. Grace, K. Watkins, M. Bondad-Reantaso, B. Devleesschauwer, D.M. Pigott, M. Stone & S. Mesenhowski.

    The Lancet, Volume 397, Issue 10279, P1045–1046
    March 2021

    The Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) programme team is committed to a better understanding of our livestock systems and of their positive and negative impacts on society and the environment locally, globally and nationally. There is an urgent need to develop intelligence systems able to improve decision-making for people managing livestock to limit the environmental consequences and public health risks related to livestock production and consumption, while also helping people across the world access high-quality protein and micronutrients, produced in a humane way.
    [ Access the article from the Lancet website ]

  • Resources

    Using economic data to drive prioritisation, strategic planning and performance monitoring of animal health interventions

    During the 87th General Session of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), in May 2019, a panel which included participants from the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank Group was dedicated to ‘Using economic data to drive prioritisation, strategic planning and performance monitoring of animal health interventions’. On this occasion, Prof. Jonathan Rushton, Director of the Global Burden of Animal Diseases (GBADs) programme described the current use of economics in animal health, how the project will support improved data management, and ultimately how the information provided can contribute to the strengthening of Veterinary Services.

    The presentation of the GBADs project and the stakeholder panel discussion are displayed on the video below. In addition, a full summary of the presentation and the discussion is available in the final report of the 87th General Session, from paragraph 60 to paragraph 89.

  • Resources

    The economics of animal health: direct and indirect costs of animal disease outbreaks

    World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)

    Technical item presented to the World Assembly of Delegates during the 84th General Session of the OIE, Paris, 22–27 May 2016.

    Authors: Jonathan Rushton & Will Gilbert

    18 pages


    Animal disease outbreaks have been shown to cause major economic losses over the centuries and are the reason for the existence of significant investments in animal health services across the world. Data are required on both production losses and the costs of interventions to disease presence or risks in order to allow economics to guide resource prioritisation and allocation to improve the health and welfare of animals under the care of people. This paper presents data available on the impacts of disease outbreaks across the world through a survey of national Veterinary Services of OIE Members.

    Overall the survey and the descriptive analysis demonstrate the interest of OIE Members on the use of economics in animal health, yet there is a paucity of data on direct and indirect costs of animal diseases. This needs to be addressed so that economic analysis can bring greater value to animal health decision making in terms of:

    1. justification of existing and requested resources for animal health
    2. identification of global imbalances of resources for animal health
    3. prioritisation of resources between animal diseases
    4. improved allocation of resources within specific disease control programmes.

    In order to achieve these outcomes from the economic analysis of animal disease, it is recommended that three practical actions are initiated:

    1. education in the use of economics of animal health by veterinary undergraduates, postgraduates and current professionals is improved through better curricula and materials
    2. a programme is established that will begin to generate a dataset on the global burden of animal diseases which would include production losses, control costs and impacts on trade and wider economic impacts
    3. a programme is initiated that regularly captures investments in animal health education, research, infrastructure and critical coordination activities.


    DOI of the original report:

    [ Download the report ]