African swine fever: detection and diagnosis – A manual for veterinarians
Authors: D. Beltrán-Alcrudo, M. Arias, C. Gallardo, S. Kramer & M.L. Penrith
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
FAO Animal Production and Health Manual No. 19
The manual is also available in Albanian, Chinese, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Russian and Serbian.
The purpose of the manual is to provide veterinary professionals, para-professionals and laboratory diagnosticians with the information needed to promptly diagnose and react to an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF). Pig farmers, hunters and forest managers also benefit from this publication because it provides general information on the disease and its causes, including epidemiological information, transmission pathways and geographical distribution. The manual also provides information on the detection and diagnosis of ASF, from field diagnosis (clinical signs, post-mortem findings and differential diagnosis) to laboratory confirmation (i.e. all main techniques for the detection of both virus and antibodies).
FAO portal on ASF
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) African swine fever (ASF) portal provides regular updates on the occurrence of ASF outbreaks, information on ASF virus, FAO recommendations and actions, media releases, FAO documents on ASF prevention and control, and links to partner institutions’ ASF resources (e.g. World Organisation for Animal Health, European Commission, European Food Safety Authority).
FAO portal on African swine fever
ASF-related webinarsAre you looking for technical information on African swine fever (ASF)?
The OIE Sub-Regional Representation for South-East Asia has developed a series of free webinars covering ASF-related topics, such as early detection and rapid response, biosecurity, border control, the treatment of swill feeding, culling and disposal, risk communication and welfare.
Ten webinars have already been given by 19 experts from across the globe and more are to come.
‘ASF Kills Pigs’ awareness campaign
In 2019, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) launched an awareness campaign to support countries and key stakeholders in their efforts to prevent the spread of African swine fever (ASF).
The ‘ASF Kills Pigs’ campaign is aimed at people in direct or indirect contact with domestic and wild pigs, or with pork products (including hunters, small and commercial pig producers, travellers and transport authorities). The campaign provides posters, infographics and short animated films, which lay out the precautions that should be taken to protect pig populations and farmers’ livelihoods.
Originally launched in English, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish, the campaign has been translated into more than ten languages and used and adapted by more than 60 countries worldwide.
[ Access the ASF Kills Pigs campaign ]
‘ASF Watch’ is a monthly e-newsletter provided by the Documentation Cell of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). It gathers useful scientific literature on African swine fever epidemiology, surveillance and control worldwide.
Suscribe to the OIE ASF Watch
World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS)
The World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS) has been essential in centralising, validating, and publishing timely information on the occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) from the information provided by national Veterinary Authorities. In 2019, 29% of all immediate notifications submitted to the OIE were for ASF.
Through WAHIS, the OIE keeps the international community informed of the evolution of ASF, through alert messages, weekly follow-up reports, weekly regional epidemiological bulletins for Asia and the Pacific, and fortnightly global epidemiological bulletins.
More information about the OIE World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS) Access the WAHIS interface The OIE–WAHIS project
OIE portals on ASF
The OIE portals on African swine fever (ASF) contain all kinds of information on the disease (disease situation worldwide, way of transmission, clinical signs, prevention and control, etc.), as well as OIE ASF activities, sanitary standards, awareness tools and other resources.
OIE portal on African swine fever OIE portal on African swine fever in Asia
Atlas of porcine dermatology
Authors: J.-M. Gourreau, R. Drolet, G.-P. Martineau, H. Morvan, P.-P. Pastoret†, D. Pin & D.W. Scott
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
This atlas, which has been lavishly illustrated, is the first of its kind and fills a gap in the global veterinary literature. The advantage of this book is that it takes into account all aspects of porcine dermatology (it covers non-infectious diseases and those whose origins are neither parasitic nor fungal), thus facilitating differential diagnosis.
Several of the OIE-listed swine diseases, such as foot and mouth disease, Aujeszky’s disease, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, classical swine fever and African swine fever (some of which also affect other species) can result in cutaneous clinical signs in pigs. For many ailments these signs are crucial for establishing a diagnosis.
[ Order the book ]
OIE technical standards for ASF
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is an intergovernmental, animal health, standard-setting organisation that develops and publishes science-based standards for animal health and welfare programmes, as well as technical standards for the manufacturing and quality control of tests for use in the diagnosis, prevention and control of animal diseases, including African swine fever.
The technical standards for diagnostic tests are developed and updated collaboratively, through an extensive network of scientific experts in OIE Collaborating Centres and Reference Laboratories throughout the world, and in consultation with Member Delegates who review and approve the final texts through a vote at the annual General Session of World Assembly of Delegates of the OIE. These adopted standards are published in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals.
Strategic challenges to global control of ASF
Authors: B. Plavšić, A. Rozstalnyy, J.Y. Park, V. Guberti, K. Depner & G. Torres
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
During the 87th OIE General Session held in Paris from 26 to 31 May 2019, a report on the strategic challenges to global control of African swine fever (ASF) was presented jointly by the OIE and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to the OIE World Assembly of Delegates as Technical Item 2.
Based on the heightened global threat identified in the report, a call was made for the establishment of a global initiative to control ASF.